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In , Coca-Cola launched a campaign for the Indian holiday Diwali. The campaign included commercials, a song, and an integration with Shah Rukh Khan's film Ra.

Coca-Cola was the first commercial sponsor of the Olympic games, at the games in Amsterdam, and has been an Olympics sponsor ever since.

Most recently, Coca-Cola has released localized commercials for the Winter Olympics in Vancouver; one Canadian commercial referred to Canada's hockey heritage and was modified after Canada won the gold medal game on February 28, by changing the ending line of the commercial to say "Now they know whose game they're playing".

Coca-Cola has a long history of sports marketing relationships, which over the years have included Major League Baseball , the National Football League , the National Basketball Association , and the National Hockey League , as well as with many teams within those leagues.

Coca-Cola is the official soft drink of many collegiate football teams throughout the nation, partly due to Coca-Cola providing those schools with upgraded athletic facilities in exchange for Coca-Cola's sponsorship.

This is especially prevalent at the high school level, which is more dependent on such contracts due to tighter budgets.

Coca-Cola was one of the official sponsors of the Cricket World Cup held on the Indian subcontinent. In England, Coca-Cola was the main sponsor of The Football League between and , a name given to the three professional divisions below the Premier League in soccer football.

In , the competition changed to "Buy a Player". This competition allowed fans to buy a bottle of Coca-Cola or Coca-Cola Zero and submit the code on the wrapper on the Coca-Cola website.

This competition was favored over the old "Win a Player" competition, as it allowed all clubs to win some money. Coca-Cola has been prominently featured in many films and television programs.

Member when you spilled Coke all over your blouse? The best selling artist of all time [ citation needed ] Elvis Presley , promoted Coca-Cola during his last tour of Not all musical references to Coca-Cola went well.

A line in " Lola " by the Kinks was originally recorded as "You drink champagne and it tastes just like Coca-Cola.

Coca-Cola has a high degree of identification with the United States, being considered by some an "American Brand" or as an item representing America.

Coca-Cola was introduced to China in , and was very popular until After the Chinese Civil War ended in , the beverage was no longer imported into China, as it was perceived to be a symbol of decadent Western culture and the capitalist lifestyle.

Importation and sales of the beverage resumed in , after diplomatic relations between the United States and China were restored. There are some consumer boycotts of Coca-Cola in Arab countries due to Coke's early investment in Israel during the Arab League boycott of Israel its competitor Pepsi stayed out of Israel.

A Coca-Cola fountain dispenser officially a Fluids Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus or FGBA was developed for use on the Space Shuttle as a test bed to determine if carbonated beverages can be produced from separately stored carbon dioxide, water, and flavored syrups and determine if the resulting fluids can be made available for consumption without bubble nucleation and resulting foam formation.

It supplied 1. Coca-Cola is sometimes used for the treatment of gastric phytobezoars. Unfortunately, this treatment can result in the potential of developing small bowel obstruction in a minority of cases, necessitating surgical intervention.

Criticism of Coca-Cola has arisen from various groups around the world, concerning a variety of issues, including health effects , environmental issues , and business practices.

The drink's coca flavoring, and the nickname "Coke", remain a common theme of criticism due to the relationship with the illegal drug cocaine. In , the US government seized 40 barrels and 20 kegs of Coca-Cola syrup in Chattanooga, Tennessee , alleging the caffeine in its drink was "injurious to health", leading to amended food safety legislation.

Beginning in the s, Pepsi started marketing their drinks to African Americans, a niche market that was largely ignored by white-owned manufacturers in the US, and was able to use its anti-racism stance as a selling point, attacking Coke's reluctance to hire blacks and support by the chairman of The Coca-Cola Company for segregationist Governor of Georgia Herman Talmadge.

The Coca-Cola Company, its subsidiaries and products have been subject to sustained criticism by consumer groups , environmentalists , and watchdogs , particularly since the early s.

After 72, volunteers collected , pieces of plastic waste from around where they lived, a total of 11, pieces were found to be labeled with a Coca-Cola brand including the Dasani, Sprite, and Fanta brands in 37 countries across four continents.

Coca-Cola Classic is rich in sugar or sweetners in some countries especially sucrose , which causes dental caries when consumed regularly.

Besides this, the high caloric value of the sugars themselves can contribute to obesity. Both are major health issues in the developed world.

In July , the Coca-Cola company was sued over its alleged use of political far-right wing death squads the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia to kidnap, torture, and kill Colombian bottler workers that were linked with trade union activity.

The suit alleged that Coca-Cola was indirectly responsible for having "contracted with or otherwise directed paramilitary security forces that utilized extreme violence and murdered, tortured, unlawfully detained or otherwise silenced trade union leaders".

Speaking from the Coca-Cola company's headquarters in Atlanta, company spokesperson Rafael Fernandez Quiros said "Coca-Cola denies any connection to any human-rights violation of this type" and added "We do not own or operate the plants".

Media related to Coca-Cola at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the beverage. For its manufacturer, see The Coca-Cola Company.

For the college football game, see Coca-Cola Classic college football. For the golf tournament, see Coca-Cola Classic golf.

Carbonated soft drink. Main article: New Coke. Main article: Coca-Cola formula. For the song, see Coke Bottle song. This section needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

See also: Coca-Cola slogans. Main article: Fixed price of Coca-Cola from to Main article: Criticism of Coca-Cola. Archived from the original on August 14, Retrieved October 7, So Pemberton concocted a recipe using coca leaves, kola nuts and sugar syrup.

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Consequently, there are very few stanzas that ring true about women in battle or in the camps," Salas writes.

Male artists often depicted the soldaderas as semi-disrobed hookers. Apart from verses making explicit or implicit reference to historical events, hundreds of other verses exist.

Some verses are new and others are ancient; however, the lack of references and the largely oral tradition of the song makes dating these verses difficult if not impossible.

Examples follow:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see La Cucaracha disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

La Cucaracha chorus only. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Paz Flores y Montalvo Francisco — a Villist version. Bungle — within their track "Hypocrites" from their first demo "The Raging Wrath of the Easter Bunny" A Bug's Life — the parody of the song featuring the grasshopper gang from Hopper in his hideout.

Slowpoke Rodriguez The Wiggles Zebda. Versions mentioning specific numbers of legs are associated with a children's game and counting song in which participants pull the legs off a captured cockroach, singing the stanza once per leg and removing the leg as the number increasing by one per stanza is sung.

Other versions discard any mention of the cockroach's missing leg s at all, substituting unrelated material e. What are the words to "La Cucaracha"?

The Straight Dope. Chicago Reader. La Quijotita y su Prima. Lyrics Playground. Retrieved 6 February Mexican Military: Myth and History.

University of Texas Press. Retrieved 7 December You Tube. Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references Articles with hAudio microformats Articles needing additional references from June Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. For the death of Madero.

Retrieved March 13, Behnken, Gregory D. Coca-Cola has gone through a number of different advertising slogans in Gianna michaels brazzers long history, including "The pause that refreshes", Coocka had like Latex sex videos buy the world a Coke", and "Coke is it". Archived from the original on November 20, She filmed three commercials for the company.

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Based on Interbrand 's "best global brand" study of , Coca-Cola was the world's third most valuable brand, after Apple and Google.

Confederate Colonel John Pemberton , who was wounded in the American Civil War and became addicted to morphine , began a quest to find a substitute for the problematic drug.

It is also worth noting that a Spanish drink called "Kola Coca" was presented at a contest in Philadelphia in , a year before the official birth of Coca-Cola.

The rights for this Spanish drink were bought by Coca-Cola in Pemberton ran the first advertisement for the beverage on May 29 of the same year in the Atlanta Journal.

By , three versions of Coca-Cola — sold by three separate businesses — were on the market. A co-partnership had been formed on January 14, , between Pemberton and four Atlanta businessmen: J.

Mayfield, A. Murphey, C. Mullahy, and E. Not codified by any signed document, a verbal statement given by Asa Candler years later asserted under testimony that he had acquired a stake in Pemberton's company as early as Charley Pemberton's record of control over the "Coca-Cola" name was the underlying factor that allowed for him to participate as a major shareholder in the March Coca-Cola Company incorporation filing made in his father's place.

In this definitive biography about his father, Candler specifically states: " on April 14, , the young druggist Asa Griggs Candler purchased a one-third interest in the formula of an almost completely unknown proprietary elixir known as Coca-Cola.

In , Candler set out to incorporate a second company; "The Coca-Cola Company" the current corporation.

When Candler had the earliest records of the "Coca-Cola Company" destroyed in , the action was claimed to have been made during a move to new corporation offices around this time.

After Candler had gained a better foothold on Coca-Cola in April , he nevertheless was forced to sell the beverage he produced with the recipe he had under the names "Yum Yum" and "Koke".

This was while Charley Pemberton was selling the elixir, although a cruder mixture, under the name "Coca-Cola", all with his father's blessing.

After both names failed to catch on for Candler, by the middle of , the Atlanta pharmacist was quite anxious to establish a firmer legal claim to Coca-Cola, and hoped he could force his two competitors, Walker and Dozier, completely out of the business, as well.

John Pemberton died suddenly on August 16, Asa Candler then decided to move swiftly forward to attain full control of the entire Coca-Cola operation.

Charley Pemberton, an alcoholic and opium addict unnerved Asa Candler more than anyone else. Candler is said to have quickly maneuvered to purchase the exclusive rights to the name "Coca-Cola" from Pemberton's son Charley immediately after he learned of Dr.

Pemberton's death. Charley Pemberton was found on June 23, , unconscious, with a stick of opium by his side. Ten days later, Charley died at Atlanta's Grady Hospital at the age of In Charles Howard Candler's book about his father, he stated: "On August 30 [], he Asa Candler became sole proprietor of Coca-Cola, a fact which was stated on letterheads, invoice blanks and advertising copy.

With this action on August 30, , Candler's sole control became technically all true. In , Margaret Dozier, as co-owner of the original Coca-Cola Company in , came forward to claim that her signature on the Coca-Cola Company bill of sale had been forged.

Subsequent analysis of other similar transfer documents had also indicated John Pemberton's signature had most likely been forged as well, which some accounts claim was precipitated by his son Charley.

On September 12, , Coca-Cola Co. A few years later two entrepreneurs from Chattanooga, Tennessee , namely Benjamin F.

Thomas and Joseph B. Whitehead , proposed the idea of bottling and were so persuasive that Candler signed a contract giving them control of the procedure for only one dollar.

Candler remained very content just selling his company's syrup. Legal matters were not helped by the decision of the bottlers to subcontract to other companies, effectively becoming parent bottlers.

The first outdoor wall advertisement that promoted the Coca-Cola drink was painted in in Cartersville, Georgia. In , it was certified kosher by Atlanta Rabbi Tobias Geffen with the help of Harold Hirsch, Geffen was the first person to see the top-secret ingredients list after facing scrutiny from the American Jewish population regarding the drink's kosher status, [39] consequently the company made minor changes in the sourcing of some ingredients so it could continue to be consumed by Americas Jewish population and during Passover.

The longest running commercial Coca-Cola soda fountain anywhere was Atlanta's Fleeman's Pharmacy, which first opened its doors in Cans of Coke first appeared in On April 23, , Coca-Cola, amid much publicity, attempted to change the formula of the drink with "New Coke".

Follow-up taste tests revealed most consumers preferred the taste of New Coke to both Coke and Pepsi [44] but Coca-Cola management was unprepared for the public's nostalgia for the old drink, leading to a backlash.

The company gave in to protests and returned to the old formula under the name Coca-Cola Classic , on July 10, On July 5, , it was revealed that Coca-Cola would resume operations in Iraq for the first time since the Arab League boycotted the company in The word "Classic" was removed because "New Coke" was no longer in production, eliminating the need to differentiate between the two.

In November , due to a dispute over wholesale prices of Coca-Cola products, Costco stopped restocking its shelves with Coke and Diet Coke for two months; a separate pouring rights deal in saw Coke products removed from Costco food courts in favor of Pepsi.

That same day, Coca-Cola announced the In , Coca-Cola resumed business in Myanmar after 60 years of absence due to U. The exact formula of Coca-Cola's natural flavorings but not its other ingredients, which are listed on the side of the bottle or can is a trade secret.

The original copy of the formula was held in SunTrust Bank 's main vault in Atlanta for 86 years. Its predecessor, the Trust Company, was the underwriter for the Coca-Cola Company's initial public offering in On December 8, , the original secret formula was moved from the vault at SunTrust Banks to a new vault containing the formula which will be on display for visitors to its World of Coca-Cola museum in downtown Atlanta.

According to Snopes, a popular myth states that only two executives have access to the formula, with each executive having only half the formula.

The formula basically matched the one found in Pemberton's diary. When launched, Coca-Cola's two key ingredients were cocaine and caffeine.

The cocaine was derived from the coca leaf and the caffeine from kola nut also spelled "cola nut" at the time , leading to the name Coca-Cola.

Coca-Cola once contained an estimated nine milligrams of cocaine per glass. Today, that extract is prepared at a Stepan Company plant in Maywood, New Jersey , the only manufacturing plant authorized by the federal government to import and process coca leaves, which it obtains from Peru and Bolivia.

Long after the syrup had ceased to contain any significant amount of cocaine, in the southeastern U. Kola nuts act as a flavoring and the original source of caffeine in Coca-Cola.

Kola nuts contain about 2. In , the U. The court found that the syrup, when diluted as directed, would result in a beverage containing 1.

Pure Food and Drug Act was amended, adding caffeine to the list of "habit-forming" and "deleterious" substances which must be listed on a product's label.

In the case was appealed to the Sixth Circuit in Cincinnati, where the ruling was affirmed, but then appealed again in to the Supreme Court, where the government effectively won as a new trial was ordered.

The company then voluntarily reduced the amount of caffeine in its product, and offered to pay the government's legal costs to settle and avoid further litigation.

The actual production and distribution of Coca-Cola follows a franchising model. The Coca-Cola Company only produces a syrup concentrate, which it sells to bottlers throughout the world, who hold Coca-Cola franchises for one or more geographical areas.

The bottlers produce the final drink by mixing the syrup with filtered water and sweeteners, putting the mixture into cans and bottles, and carbonating it, which the bottlers then sell and distribute to retail stores, vending machines, restaurants, and food service distributors.

Independent bottlers are allowed to sweeten the drink according to local tastes. Since it announced its intention to begin distribution in Myanmar in June , Coca-Cola has been officially available in every country in the world except Cuba and North Korea.

Coca-Cola has been a point of legal discussion in the Middle East. In the early 20th century, a fatwa was created in Egypt to discuss the question of "whether Muslims were permitted to drink Coca-Cola and Pepsi cola.

Another clause was discussed, whereby the same rules apply if a person is unaware of the condition or ingredients of the item in question.

This is a list of variants of Coca-Cola introduced around the world. In addition to the caffeine-free version of the original, additional fruit flavors have been included over the years.

Not included here are versions of Diet Coke and Coca-Cola Zero Sugar ; variant versions of those no-calorie colas can be found at their respective articles.

The writing style used, known as Spencerian script , was developed in the midth century and was the dominant form of formal handwriting in the United States during that period.

Robinson also played a significant role in early Coca-Cola advertising. His promotional suggestions to Pemberton included giving away thousands of free drink coupons and plastering the city of Atlanta with publicity banners and streetcar signs.

Coca-Cola came under scrutiny in Egypt in because of a conspiracy theory that the Coca-Cola logo, when reflected in a mirror, spells out "No Mohammed no Mecca " in Arabic.

The Coca-Cola bottle, called the "contour bottle" within the company, was created by bottle designer Earl R. Dean and Coca-Cola's general counsel , Harold Hirsch.

In , The Coca-Cola Company was represented by their general counsel to launch a competition among its bottle suppliers as well as any competition entrants to create a new bottle for their beverage that would distinguish it from other beverage bottles, "a bottle which a person could recognize even if they felt it in the dark, and so shaped that, even if broken, a person could tell at a glance what it was.

Chapman J. Root, president of the Root Glass Company of Terre Haute, Indiana , turned the project over to members of his supervisory staff, including company auditor T.

Dean , bottle designer and supervisor of the bottle molding room. Root and his subordinates decided to base the bottle's design on one of the soda's two ingredients, the coca leaf or the kola nut , but were unaware of what either ingredient looked like.

Dean and Edwards went to the Emeline Fairbanks Memorial Library and were unable to find any information about coca or kola. Dean made a rough sketch of the pod and returned to the plant to show Root.

He explained to Root how he could transform the shape of the pod into a bottle. Root gave Dean his approval.

Faced with the upcoming scheduled maintenance of the mold-making machinery, over the next 24 hours Dean sketched out a concept drawing which was approved by Root the next morning.

Chapman Root approved the prototype bottle and a design patent was issued on the bottle in November The prototype never made it to production since its middle diameter was larger than its base, making it unstable on conveyor belts.

Dean resolved this issue by decreasing the bottle's middle diameter. During the bottler's convention, Dean's contour bottle was chosen over other entries and was on the market the same year.

By , the contour bottle became the standard for The Coca-Cola Company. A revised version was also patented in Because the Patent Office releases the Patent Gazette on Tuesday, the bottle was patented on December 25, , and was nicknamed the "Christmas bottle.

Dean went on to work in other Midwestern glass factories. Raymond Loewy updated the design in to accommodate larger formats.

Others have attributed inspiration for the design not to the cocoa pod, but to a Victorian hooped dress.

In , Associate Justice Roger J. Traynor of the Supreme Court of California took advantage of a case involving a waitress injured by an exploding Coca-Cola bottle to articulate the doctrine of strict liability for defective products.

Traynor's concurring opinion in Escola v. Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Earl R. Dean 's original concept drawing of the contour Coca-Cola bottle. Karl Lagerfeld is the latest designer to have created a collection of aluminum bottles for Coca-Cola.

Lagerfeld is not the first fashion designer to create a special version of the famous Coca-Cola Contour bottle.

A number of other limited edition bottles by fashion designers for Coca-Cola Light soda have been created in the last few years, including Jean-Paul Gaultier.

In , in Italy, Coca-Cola Light had a Tribute to Fashion to celebrate years of the recognizable contour bottle. In , Coca-Cola shared the first beverage bottle made with ocean plastic.

Pepsi , the flagship product of PepsiCo , The Coca-Cola Company's main rival in the soft drink industry, is usually second to Coke in sales, and outsells Coca-Cola in some markets.

RC Cola , now owned by the Dr Pepper Snapple Group , the third largest soft drink manufacturer, is also widely available.

Around the world, many local brands compete with Coke. In the French region of Brittany , Breizh Cola is available.

Classiko Cola, made by Tiko Group, the largest manufacturing company in Madagascar, is a competitor to Coca-Cola in many regions.

Coca-Cola's advertising has significantly affected American culture , and it is frequently credited with inventing the modern image of Santa Claus as an old man in a red-and-white suit.

Although the company did start using the red-and-white Santa image in the s, with its winter advertising campaigns illustrated by Haddon Sundblom , the motif was already common.

Coca-Cola's first such advertisement appeared in , featuring the young Bostonian actress Hilda Clark as its spokeswoman.

Coke's advertising is pervasive, as one of Woodruff's stated goals was to ensure that everyone on Earth drank Coca-Cola as their preferred beverage.

This is especially true in southern areas of the United States, such as Atlanta , where Coke was born. Many of these early television commercials for Coca-Cola featured movie stars, sports heroes, and popular singers.

During the s, Pepsi-Cola ran a series of television advertisements showing people participating in taste tests demonstrating that, according to the commercials, "fifty percent of the participants who said they preferred Coke actually chose the Pepsi.

Coca-Cola ran ads to combat Pepsi's ads in an incident sometimes referred to as the cola wars ; one of Coke's ads compared the so-called Pepsi challenge to two chimpanzees deciding which tennis ball was furrier.

Thereafter, Coca-Cola regained its leadership in the market. Selena was a spokesperson for Coca-Cola from until the time of her death. She filmed three commercials for the company.

During , to commemorate her five years with the company, Coca-Cola issued special Selena coke bottles. The Coca-Cola Company purchased Columbia Pictures in , and began inserting Coke-product images into many of its films.

After a few early successes during Coca-Cola's ownership, Columbia began to under-perform, and the studio was sold to Sony in Coca-Cola has gone through a number of different advertising slogans in its long history, including "The pause that refreshes", "I had like to buy the world a Coke", and "Coke is it".

In , Coca-Cola introduced My Coke Rewards , a customer loyalty campaign where consumers earn points by entering codes from specially marked packages of Coca-Cola products into a website.

These points can be redeemed for various prizes or sweepstakes entries. In Australia in , Coca-Cola began the "share a Coke" campaign, where the Coca-Cola logo was replaced on the bottles and replaced with first names.

Coca-Cola used the most popular names in Australia to print on the bottles. Coca-Cola has also advertised its product to be consumed as a breakfast beverage, instead of coffee or tea for the morning caffeine.

From to , the price of Coca-Cola was fixed at five cents, in part due to an advertising campaign. The "Holidays are coming! The advertisement fell into disuse in , as the Coca-Cola company restructured its advertising campaigns so that advertising around the world was produced locally in each country, rather than centrally in the company's headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia.

Keith Law, a producer and writer of commercials for Belfast CityBeat , was not convinced by Coca-Cola's reintroduction of the advertisement in , saying that "I do not think there's anything Christmassy about HGVs and the commercial is too generic.

In , singer Melanie Thornton recorded the campaign's advertising jingle as a single, " Wonderful Dream Holidays are Coming ", which entered the pop-music charts in Germany at no.

In , Coca-Cola launched a campaign for the Indian holiday Diwali. The campaign included commercials, a song, and an integration with Shah Rukh Khan's film Ra.

Coca-Cola was the first commercial sponsor of the Olympic games, at the games in Amsterdam, and has been an Olympics sponsor ever since. Most recently, Coca-Cola has released localized commercials for the Winter Olympics in Vancouver; one Canadian commercial referred to Canada's hockey heritage and was modified after Canada won the gold medal game on February 28, by changing the ending line of the commercial to say "Now they know whose game they're playing".

Coca-Cola has a long history of sports marketing relationships, which over the years have included Major League Baseball , the National Football League , the National Basketball Association , and the National Hockey League , as well as with many teams within those leagues.

Coca-Cola is the official soft drink of many collegiate football teams throughout the nation, partly due to Coca-Cola providing those schools with upgraded athletic facilities in exchange for Coca-Cola's sponsorship.

This is especially prevalent at the high school level, which is more dependent on such contracts due to tighter budgets.

Coca-Cola was one of the official sponsors of the Cricket World Cup held on the Indian subcontinent. In England, Coca-Cola was the main sponsor of The Football League between and , a name given to the three professional divisions below the Premier League in soccer football.

In , the competition changed to "Buy a Player". This competition allowed fans to buy a bottle of Coca-Cola or Coca-Cola Zero and submit the code on the wrapper on the Coca-Cola website.

This competition was favored over the old "Win a Player" competition, as it allowed all clubs to win some money.

Coca-Cola has been prominently featured in many films and television programs. Member when you spilled Coke all over your blouse?

The best selling artist of all time [ citation needed ] Elvis Presley , promoted Coca-Cola during his last tour of Not all musical references to Coca-Cola went well.

A line in " Lola " by the Kinks was originally recorded as "You drink champagne and it tastes just like Coca-Cola.

Coca-Cola has a high degree of identification with the United States, being considered by some an "American Brand" or as an item representing America.

Coca-Cola was introduced to China in , and was very popular until After the Chinese Civil War ended in , the beverage was no longer imported into China, as it was perceived to be a symbol of decadent Western culture and the capitalist lifestyle.

Importation and sales of the beverage resumed in , after diplomatic relations between the United States and China were restored. There are some consumer boycotts of Coca-Cola in Arab countries due to Coke's early investment in Israel during the Arab League boycott of Israel its competitor Pepsi stayed out of Israel.

A Coca-Cola fountain dispenser officially a Fluids Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus or FGBA was developed for use on the Space Shuttle as a test bed to determine if carbonated beverages can be produced from separately stored carbon dioxide, water, and flavored syrups and determine if the resulting fluids can be made available for consumption without bubble nucleation and resulting foam formation.

It supplied 1. Coca-Cola is sometimes used for the treatment of gastric phytobezoars. Unfortunately, this treatment can result in the potential of developing small bowel obstruction in a minority of cases, necessitating surgical intervention.

Criticism of Coca-Cola has arisen from various groups around the world, concerning a variety of issues, including health effects , environmental issues , and business practices.

The drink's coca flavoring, and the nickname "Coke", remain a common theme of criticism due to the relationship with the illegal drug cocaine. In , the US government seized 40 barrels and 20 kegs of Coca-Cola syrup in Chattanooga, Tennessee , alleging the caffeine in its drink was "injurious to health", leading to amended food safety legislation.

Beginning in the s, Pepsi started marketing their drinks to African Americans, a niche market that was largely ignored by white-owned manufacturers in the US, and was able to use its anti-racism stance as a selling point, attacking Coke's reluctance to hire blacks and support by the chairman of The Coca-Cola Company for segregationist Governor of Georgia Herman Talmadge.

The Coca-Cola Company, its subsidiaries and products have been subject to sustained criticism by consumer groups , environmentalists , and watchdogs , particularly since the early s.

After 72, volunteers collected , pieces of plastic waste from around where they lived, a total of 11, pieces were found to be labeled with a Coca-Cola brand including the Dasani, Sprite, and Fanta brands in 37 countries across four continents.

Coca-Cola Classic is rich in sugar or sweetners in some countries especially sucrose , which causes dental caries when consumed regularly.

Besides this, the high caloric value of the sugars themselves can contribute to obesity. Both are major health issues in the developed world. In July , the Coca-Cola company was sued over its alleged use of political far-right wing death squads the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia to kidnap, torture, and kill Colombian bottler workers that were linked with trade union activity.

The suit alleged that Coca-Cola was indirectly responsible for having "contracted with or otherwise directed paramilitary security forces that utilized extreme violence and murdered, tortured, unlawfully detained or otherwise silenced trade union leaders".

Speaking from the Coca-Cola company's headquarters in Atlanta, company spokesperson Rafael Fernandez Quiros said "Coca-Cola denies any connection to any human-rights violation of this type" and added "We do not own or operate the plants".

Media related to Coca-Cola at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the beverage. For its manufacturer, see The Coca-Cola Company.

For the college football game, see Coca-Cola Classic college football. For the golf tournament, see Coca-Cola Classic golf.

Carbonated soft drink. Main article: New Coke. Main article: Coca-Cola formula. For the song, see Coke Bottle song.

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See also: Coca-Cola slogans. Main article: Fixed price of Coca-Cola from to Main article: Criticism of Coca-Cola.

Archived from the original on August 14, Retrieved October 7, So Pemberton concocted a recipe using coca leaves, kola nuts and sugar syrup.

Archived from the original on October 21, Retrieved June 8, Archived from the original on November 10, Retrieved November 10, Columbus Ledger.

Archived from the original on May 11, Retrieved March 13, Columbus Ledger-Enquirer. March 27, Retrieved August 12, Annual Report of the Patent Office, Retrieved April 26, Archived from the original on September 8, Retrieved April 26, — via columbusstate.

For God, Country and Coca-Cola. Basic Books. New York: Avery. Archived from the original on March 2, John S. Nation's Restaurant News.

Archived from the original on January 6, Retrieved January 21, Archived from the original on September 17, Retrieved January 7, Archived from the original on May 14, Retrieved May 12, Archived from the original on March 3, Retrieved February 11, Asa Griggs Candler.

Georgia: Emory University. Archived from the original on November 15, Woodruff — ". New Georgia Encyclopedia.

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December 17, Other early stanzas detail such incidents as the Carlist Wars — in Spain and the French intervention in Mexico Whatever the song's origin, it was during the Mexican Revolution of the early 20th century that "La Cucaracha" saw the first major period of verse production as rebel and government forces alike invented political lyrics for the song.

So many stanzas were added during this period that today it is associated mostly with Mexico. The Mexican Revolution , from to about , was a period of great political upheaval during which the majority of the stanzas known today were written.

Political symbolism was a common theme in these verses, and explicit and implicit references were made to events of the war, major political figures, and the effects of the war on the civilians in general.

Today, few pre-Revolution verses are known, and the most commonly quoted portion of the song [1] are the two Villist anti- Huerta [4] stanzas:.

This version, popular among Villist soldiers, contains hidden political meanings, as is common for revolutionary songs.

In this version, the cockroach represents President Victoriano Huerta , a notorious drunk who was considered a villain and traitor due to his part in the death of revolutionary President Francisco Madero.

Due to the multi-factional nature of the Mexican Revolution, competing versions were also common at the time, including the Huertist , anti- Carranza stanza:.

An example of two Zapatist stanzas:. Among Mexican civilians at the time, "La Cucaracha" was also a popular tune, and there are numerous examples of non-aligned political verses.

Many such verses were general complaints about the hardships created by the war, and these were often written by pro-Zapatistas.

Other non-aligned verses contained references to multiple factions in a non-judgmental manner:. Soldiering has been a life experience for women in Mexico since pre-Columbia times.

Among the nicknames for women warriors and camp followers were Soldaderas , Adelitas , Juanas , and Cucarachas. Soldiers in Porfirio Diaz 's army sang "La cucaracha" about a soldadera who wanted money to go to the bullfights.

For the Villistas, "'La cucaracha' wanted money for alcohol and marijuana. She was often so drunk or stoned that she could not walk straight," writes Elizabeth Salas in Mexican Military: Myth and History.

Consequently, there are very few stanzas that ring true about women in battle or in the camps," Salas writes. Male artists often depicted the soldaderas as semi-disrobed hookers.

Apart from verses making explicit or implicit reference to historical events, hundreds of other verses exist. Some verses are new and others are ancient; however, the lack of references and the largely oral tradition of the song makes dating these verses difficult if not impossible.

Examples follow:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see La Cucaracha disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. La Cucaracha chorus only.

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Paz Flores y Montalvo Francisco — a Villist version. Bungle — within their track "Hypocrites" from their first demo "The Raging Wrath of the Easter Bunny" A Bug's Life — the parody of the song featuring the grasshopper gang from Hopper in his hideout.

Slowpoke Rodriguez The Wiggles Zebda.

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